I have published 55 papers in international peer-reviewed journals, 39 of which in high-ranking (Impact Factor >7) journals. These include: Science (1), Nature (1), Nature Physics (2), Nature Materials (1), Nature Nanotechnology (News & Views), Nature Reviews Physics (1), Nature Communications (3), Physical Review X (2), Physical Review Letters (8), Nano Letters (6), ACS Nano (5), Journal of the American Chemical Society (3), Angewandte Chemie (4),and Chemical Reviews (1).

The average number of citations per publication is >73. My h- and i-10 indices are 33, and 99, respectively. For an up to date list and citation statistics, please see my google scholar page.

  • Coupling quantum corrals to form artificial molecules, S.E. Freeney, S.T.P. Borman, J.W. Harteveld, I. Swart, SciPost Physics, 9, 085 (2020).
  • p-Orbital Flat Band and Dirac Cone in the Electronic Honeycomb Lattice, T.S. Gardenier, J.J. van den Broeke, J.R. Moes, I. Swart, C. Delerue, M.R. Slot, C. Morais Smith, D. Vanmaekelbergh, ACS Nano, 14, 13638–13644 (2020).
  • Edge-dependent topology in Kekulé lattices, S. E. Freeney, J.J. van den Broeke, A.J.J. Harsveld van der Veen, I. Swart, and C. Morais Smith, Physical Review Letters, 124, 236404 (2020).


  • Designer quantum states of matter created atom-by-atom, A.A. Khajetoorians, D. Wegner, A.F. Otte, I. Swart, Nature Reviews Physics, invited review article, in press (2019).
  • Scanning Probe State Recognition With Multi-Class Neural Network Ensembles, O. Gordon, P. D’Hondt, L. Knijff, S.E. Freeney, F. Junqueira, P. Moriarty, and I. Swart, Review of Scientific Instruments, in press.
  • Robust zero-energy modes in an electronic higher-order topological insulator: the dimerized Kagome lattice, S. N. Kempkes, M. R. Slot, J. J.van den Broeke, P. Capiod, W. A. Benalcazar, D. Vanmaekelbergh, D. Bercioux, I. Swart, C. Morais Smith, Nature Materials, in press (2019).
  • Atomic Force Microscopy of individual molecules in two different charge states, P. Scheuerer, L.L. Patera, Felix Simbürger, F. Queck, I. Swart, B. Schuler, L. Gross, N. Moll, and J. Repp, Physical Review Letters, 123, 066001 (2019).
  • One Precursor but Two Types of Graphene Nanoribbons: On-Surface Transformations of 10,10’-dichloro-9,9’-bianthryl on Ag(111), P.H. Jacobse, K.A. Simonov, M.J.J. Mangnus, G.I. Svirskiy, A.V. Generalov, A.S. Vinogradov, A. Sandell, N. Mårtensson, A.B. Preobrajenski, I. Swart, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123,  8892 (2019).
  • p-band engineering in artificial electronic lattices, M.R. Slot, S.N. Kempkes, E.J. Knol, W.M.J. van Weerdenburg, J.J. van den Broeke, D. Wegner, D. Vanmaekelbergh, A.A. Khajetoorians, C. Morais Smith, and I. Swart, Physical Review X 9, 011009 (2019).
  • Molecular Topology and the Surface Chemical Bond: Alternant vs. Non-Alternant Aromatic Systems as Functional Structural Elements, B.P. Klein, N.J. van der Heijden, S.R. Kachel, M. Franke, C.K. Krug, K.K. Greulich, L. Ruppenthal, P. Müller, P. Rosenow, S. Parhizkar, F.C. Bocquet, M. Schmid, W. Hieringer, R.J. Maurer, R. Tonner, C. Kumpf, I. Swart, and J.M. Gottfried, Physical Review X, 9, 011030 (2019).
  • Design and characterization of electrons in a fractal geometry, S. N. Kempkes, M.R. Slot, S. E. Freeney, S.J.M. Zevenhuizen, D. Vanmaekelbergh, I. Swart, and C. Morais Smith, Nature Physics,15, 127–131 (2019).


  • Mapping the Conductance of Electronically Decoupled Graphene Nanoribbons, P.H. Jacobse, M.J.J. Mangnus, S.J.M. Zevenhuizen and I. Swart, ACS Nano, 12, 7048 (2018).
  • Cuboidal Supraparticles Self-Assembled from Cubic CsPbBr3 Perovskite Nanocrystals, J.S. Van der Burgt, J.J. Geuchies, B. Van der Meer, H. Vanrompay, D. Zanaga, Y. Zhang, W. Albrecht, A.V. Petukhov, L. Filion, S. Bals, I. Swart, and Daniël Vanmaekelbergh, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 122, 15706–15712 (2018).
  • Believe in the Force, I.Swart, Nature Nanotechnology (News & Views) 13, 358–359 (2018)


  • Electronic components embedded in a single graphene nanoribbon, P. H. Jacobse, A. Kimouche, T. Gebraad, M. M. Ervasti, J. M. Thijssen, P. Liljeroth & I. Swart, Nature Communications, 8, 119 (2017).
  • Experimental realization and characterization of an electronic Lieb lattice, M.R. Slot, T.S. Gardenier, P.H. Jacobse, G.C. P. van Miert, S.N. Kempkes, S.J.M. Zevenhuizen, C. Morais Smith, D. Vanmaekelbergh and I. Swart, Nature Physics,13, 672 (2017).
  • Combination of Scanning Probe Microscopy and Coordination Chemistry: Structural and Electronic Study of Bis(methylbenzimidazolyl)ketone and Its Iron Complex, E. Folkertsma, J. van der Lit, F. Di Cicco, M. Lutz, R.J.M. Klein Gebbink, I.Swart, and M.-E. Moret, ACS Omega, 2, 1372 (2017).
  • Precursor Geometry Determines the Growth Mechanism in Graphene Nanoribbons, F. Schulz, P.H. Jacobse, F. Federici Canova, J. van der Lit, D.Z. Gao, A. van den Hoogenband, P. Han, R.J.M. Klein Gebbink, M.-E. Moret, P.M. Joensuu, I.Swart, and P. Liljeroth, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 121, 2896 (2017).


  • Aryl Radical Geometry Determines Nanographene Formation on Au(111), P.H. Jacobse, A. van den Hoogenband, M.-E. Moret, R.J. M. Klein Gebbink, and I. Swart Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 128, 13246 (2016).
  • Characteristic Contrast in ∆fmin Maps of Organic Molecules using Atomic Force Microscopy, N.J. van der Heijden, P. Hapala, J.A. Rombouts, J. van der Lit, D. Smith, P. Mutombo, M. Švec, P. Jelinek, and I Swart, ACS Nano, 10, 8517 (2016).
  • Recognizing N-dopant atoms in graphene using atomic force microscopy, N. J. van der Heijden, D. Smith, G. Calogero, R.S. Koster, D. Vanmaekelbergh, M.A. van Huis, and I. Swart Physical Review B, 93, 245430 (2016).
  • Mapping the electrostatic force field of single molecules from high-resolution scanning probe images, P. Hapala, M. Švec, O. Stetsovych, N.J. van der Heijden, M. Ondráček, J. van der Lit, P. Mutombo, I. Swart, and P. Jelínek Nature Communications, 7, 11560 (2016).
  • Scanning probe microscopy and spectroscopy of semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots) and assembled structures, I. Swart, P. Liljeroth and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Chemical Reviews, invited review article, 116, 11181  (2016).
  • Sub-molecular resolution imaging of molecules by AFM: The influence of the electrostatic force. J. van der Lit, F. Di Cicco, P. Hapala, P. Jelinek, I.Swart, Physical Review Letters, 116, 096102 (2016).
  • Modeling the Self-Assembly of Organic Molecules in 2D Molecular Layers with Different Structures. J. van der Lit, J.L. Marsman, R.S. Koster, P.H. Jacobse, S.A. den Hartog, D. Vanmaekelbergh, R.J. M. Klein Gebbink, L. Filion, and I. Swart, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120, 318 (2016).

2015 and before

  • Bending and buckling of narrow armchair graphene nanoribbons via STM manipulation, J. van der Lit, P.H. Jacobse, D. Vanmaekelbergh, I. Swart, New Journal of Physics, 17, 053013 (2015).
  • Intermolecular contrast in atomic force microscopy images without intermolecular bonds. S.K. Hämäläinen, N.J. van der Heijden, J. van der Lit, S.A. den Hartog, P. Liljeroth, and I. Swart, Physical Review Letters, 113 186102 (2014).
    Selected by ACS journal C&EN as one of the top ten chemistry research papers of 2014, see:
  • Long-range orientation and atomic attachment of nanocrystals in 2D honeycomb superlattices. M. P. Boneschanscher, W. H. Evers, J. J. Geuchies, T. Altantzis, B. Goris, F. T. Rabouw, S. A. P. van Rossum, H. S. J. van der Zant, L. D. A. Siebbeles, G. Van Tendeloo, I. Swart, J. Hilhorst, A. V. Petukhov, S. Bals, D. Vanmaekelbergh, Science, 344, 1377 (2014).
  • Sample Corrugation Affects the Apparent Bond Lengths in Atomic Force Microscopy. M.P. Boneschanscher, S.K. Hämäläinen, P. Liljeroth, I. Swart, ACS Nano, 8, 3006 (2014).
  • Structure and Local Variations of the Graphene Moiré on Ir(111). S.K. Hämäläinen, M.P. Boneschanscher, P.H. Jacobse, I. Swart, K. Pussi, W. Moritz, J. Lahtinen, P. Liljeroth, J. Sainio, Physical Review B, Rapid Communication, 88 201406(R) (2013).
  • Electronic states in finite graphene nanoribbons: Effect of charging and defects. M. Ijäs, M. Ervasti, A. Uppstu, P. Liljeroth, J. van der Lit, I. Swart, A. Harju, Physical Review B, 88, 075429 (2013).
  • Formation and characterization of a molecule-metal-molecule bridge in real space. F. Albrecht, M. Neu, C. Quest, I. Swart, and J. Repp, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135, 9200 (2013).
  • Suppression of electron-vibron coupling in graphene nanoribbons contacted via a single atom. J. van der Lit, M.P. Boneschanscher, D. Vanmaekelbergh, M. Ijäs, A. Uppstu, M. Ervasti, A. Harju, P. Liljeroth, I. Swart, Nature Communications, 4, 2023 (2013).
  • Symmetry-dependence of vibrational-assisted tunneling. N. Pavliček, I. Swart, J. Niedenführ, G. Meyer, and Jascha Repp, Physical Review Letters, 110, 136101 (2013). Controlling the orbital sequence in individual Cu-Phthalocyanine molecules. C. Uhlmann, I.Swart, J. Repp, Nano Letters, 13, 777 (2013).
  • Quantitative Atomic Resolution Force Imaging on Epitaxial Graphene with Reactive and Non-Reactive AFM Probes. M.P. Boneschanscher, J. van der Lit, Z. Sun, I. Swart, P. Liljeroth, D. Vanmaekelbergh, ACS Nano, 6, 10216 (2012).
  • Controlled Lateral Manipulation of Molecules on Insulating Films by STM. I. Swart, T. Sonnleitner, J. Niedenführ, and J. Repp, Nano Letters, 12, 1070 (2012).
  • Molecular symmetry governs surface motion. T. Sonnleitner, I. Swart, N. Pavliček, A. Pöllmann, and J. Repp, Physical Review Letters, 107, 186103 (2011).
  • Single-molecule chemistry and physics explored by low-temperature scanning probe microscopy.    I. Swart, L. Gross, and P. Liljeroth, Chemical Communications, 47, 9011 (2011) (invited Feature article).
  • Charge state control of molecules reveals modification of the tunneling barrier with intramolecular contrast. I. Swart,T. Sonnleitner, and J. Repp, Nano Letters, 11, 1580 (2011).
  • Quantitative Atomic Force Microscopy with Carbon Monoxide Terminated Tips. Z. Sun, M. P. Boneschanscher, I. Swart, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and P. Liljeroth, Physical Review Letters, 106, 046104 (2011).
  • Single-Molecule Synthesis and Characterization of Metal-Ligand Complexes by Low-Temperature STM. P. Liljeroth, I. Swart, S. Paavilainen, J. Repp, and G. Meyer, Nano Letters, 10, 2475 (2010).
  • Hole-Induced Electron Transport through Core-Shell Quantum Dots: A Direct Measurement of the Electron-Hole Interaction. I. Swart, Z. Sun, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and P. Liljeroth, Nano Letters,10, 1931 (2010).
  • Orbital resolved polaron states in CdSe dots and rods probed by scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Z. Sun, I. Swart, C. Delerue, D.A.M. Vanmaekelbergh, and P. Liljeroth, Physical Review Letters, 102, 296401 (2009).
  • In situ nanoscale chemical imaging of the reduction behavior of a single catalyst particle. E. de Smit, I. Swart, J.F. Creemer, H.W. Zandbergen, F.M.F. de Groot and B.M. Weckhuysen, Angewandte Chemie International Edition(Cover), 48, 3632 (2009).
  • Nanoscale chemical imaging of a working catalyst by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. E. de Smit, I. Swart, J.F. Creemer, G.H. Hoveling, M.K. Gilles, Tolek Tyliszczak, C. Morin, P.J. Kooyman, H.W. Zandbergen, B.M. Weckhuysen, and F.M.F. de Groot, Nature, 456, 222 (2008).
  • Molecular adsorption of H2 on small cationic nickel clusters. I. Swart, P. Gruene, A. Fielicke, G. Meijer, B.M. Weckhuysen, and F.M.F. de Groot, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 10, 5743 (2008).
  • In-situ synchrotron-based IR microspectroscopy to study catalytic reactions in zeolite crystals. E. Stavitski, M.F. Kox, I. Swart, F.M.F. de Groot, and B.M. Weckhuysen, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 47, 3543 (2008).
  • The effect of charge on the CO binding in rhodium carbonyls: from bridging to terminal CO. I. Swart, F.M.F. de Groot, B.M. Weckhuysen, D.M. Rayner, G. Meijer, and A. Fielicke, Journal of the American Chemical Society (Communication), 130, 2126 (2008).
  • H2 adsorption on 3d transition metal clusters: a combined infrared spectroscopy and density functional study. I. Swart, F.M.F. de Groot, B.M. Weckhuysen, P. Gruene, G. Meijer, and A. Fielicke, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 112, 1139 (2008).
  • Controlling the bonding of CO on cobalt clusters by coadsorption of H2. I. Swart, A. Fielicke, D.M. Rayner, G. Meijer, B.M. Weckhuysen, and F.M.F. de Groot, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 46, 5317 (2007).
  • Hydrogen-induced transition from dissociative to molecular chemisorption of CO on vanadium clusters. I. Swart, A. Fielicke, B. Redlich, G. Meijer, B.M. Weckhuysen and F.M.F. de Groot, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 129, 2516 (2007).
  • Optical injection probing of single ZnO tetrapod lasers. J.M. Szarko, J.K. Song, C.W. Blackledge, I. Swart, S.R. Leone, S. Li, and Y. Zhao, Chemical Physics Letters, 404, 171 (2005).
  • Electrochemical kinetics of hydrogen intercalation in gadolinium switchable mirrors. M. Di Vece, I. Swart, and J.J. Kelly, Journal of Applied Physics, 94, 4659 (2003).
  • Highly luminescent water-soluble CdTe quantum dots. S.F. Wuister, I. Swart, F. van Driel, S.G. Hickey, and C. de Mello Donega, Nano Letters,3, 503 (2003).